Veganism is a lot about what you eat and helping animals, but helping the environment is another really important aspect of veganism. Unfortunately, we as individuals can only do a very small amount compared to big businesses, but every little bit helps! With regards to this post, I obviously wouldn't recommend buying a whole new set of new products, because that doesn't have the greatest environmental impact, but if you're already considering buying one or two new things, and are looking to replace some of the single-use items in your life, then these are my personal recommendations. Small note - I'm not saying I'm perfect at any of this, I'm still working on it, and especially being a uni student means I can't always be perfect with this kind of thing all the time, I'm currently just trying my best.

1. Use a reuseable water bottle - I can recommend this Camelback Eddy water bottle or a Chilly's water bottle if you prefer metal bottles.

2. Reuseable coffee mug - I have this Built NY coffee flask  which I can thoroughly recommend.

3. Reuseable straws - I'm not big into reuseable straws, but these metal ones look great as they come with a pouch to keep them in, and a straw cleaner.

4. Reduce food waste - this is such an easy thing to do: eat leftovers; meal plan and shop smart and don't buy things you know you won't eat; freeze what you can and repurpose scraps, such as using vegetable peel and ends for making stock.

5. Go vegan - I won't bore you with all the details and statistics on this, there's a lot of information on the internet, but going vegan or vegetarian massively helps to reduce water, fuel and land wastage.

6. Take leftovers in a tub - mentioned above, but cooking bulk meals not only helps you to use up all of your fresh ingredients without wastage, but also leaves you with loads of meals that you can pop in the freezer and eat over time (especially handy if you're a poor uni student like me).

7. Keep a tote bag with you - super useful for if you pop to the shops to grab some bits whilst you're out, meaning you don't need to buy a plastic bag.

8. Compost - composting is great for the environment and the soil, whilst reducing your food waste. It's pretty self explanatory, but give it a google if you want more information.

9. Cut the rings on milk and beer plastic holders - you know those plastic bits that hold beer cans in place, and the little ring that goes round the ring of the milk bottles? Those are the bits that can really easily get caught round the neck and mouths of birds and can injure them and prevent them from eating. Obviously it's best to avoid these completely if possible, but just cutting them can prevent this from happening.

10. Try and avoid products with palm oil - there's again, a lot of information on the internet about the problems associated with palm oil that you can read if you're interested, but reducing it however you can is so beneficial. I'm not suggesting to cut it out completely, because it is in a lot of things, and unfortunately, if you're a vegan, it's used in a lot of substitute product.

11. Bamboo toothbrush - bamboo toothbrushes last a lot longer than the plastic ones, and I find, feel so much nicer on my teeth than plastic ones - this set has a toothbrushes, cotton buds and dental floss!

12. Packaging free shampoo, conditioner and body wash - again, reducing plastic usage. Lush is a great option for this on the high street, or theres a lot of independent places that sell similar things.

13. Reuseable face pads - again, these just reduce your waste! I have these ones from etsy which are handmade (and you can choose the fabric they're made with!), and come with a really handy bag for storing and washing them! There are loads of brands available, a quick google will result with loads!

14. Use a menstrual cup - I won't go into great amounts of detail, and I know menstrual cups don't suit everyone (which is okay!), but if you can make the switch to one, they save so much sanitary and plastic waste. I bought mine from Boots for convenience, but they sell them in loads of places, such as health food shops! A popular brand is Mooncup.

15. Ditch fast fashion - we've all seen a million blog posts on how fast fashion is ruining the planet (I myself have one lined up to post soon), but it's all true. Ditch fast fashion and find your own style! It'll be the best thing you've ever done.

16. Buy from sustainable brands - If you still want to buy new things, I would really suggest buying from sustainable brands! My favourite is Lucy and Yak and Tala, both of which are really open about how they're trying to be more sustainable. But again, there are loads of brands out there!

17. Buy second hand - if you like new clothes, but aren't worried about someone else having worn them before, buying second hand is definitely the way forward for you! I would say around 50% of my wardrobe is second hand, and I usually buy from depop or in my local charity shops. I try always to buy my uni textbooks from facebook marketplace or amazon's second hand options, and the same with records (mainly because they're also both so expensive new too!).

18. Get standard delivery - if there's something you absolutely love from Topshop or H&M and you make an exception just the once, getting standard delivery can help offset the environmental impact a tiny bit. Getting next day or express delivery results in a lot of labour, often for people who aren't paid enough for what they do, and a lot of transport to get the delivery to you on time.

19. Buy local - pretty simple! Get's rid of transporting emissions, and you're supporting local business!

20. Only use dishwashers when they are full.

21. Do your washing up without the tap running - filling a sink full of water and washing in there reduces a lot of water wastage.

22. Dry your clothes on a rack - tumble driers, unfortunately, use a lot of energy. In this article by the Guardian, they state that if all households with a tumble dryer dried one loaf of washing outside each week, instead of by machine, they would save over a million tonnes of CO2 in a year. It isn't always practical to dry your washing outside or on a rack, especially in damp, small uni houses, but doing it where possible is a great way to try and help the environment a little.

23. Only wash your clothes when they really need it.

24. Try not to use paper towels/ napkins.

25. Recycle where possible - this is an obvious one, but make sure to check what you're trying to recycle is actually recyclable, and avoid non-recyclable plastics where possible.

26. Use energy efficient lightbulbs.

27. Ecosia browser & Forest app - Ecosia is an 'eco-friendly browser' which works exactly like google, and after a certain number of searches it plants a tree! Similarly, I rave about the forest app 24/7 because it's so good for studying and motivating yourself. Basically, it's an app that allows you to grow a tree for a certain amount of time, and it doesn't allow you to go on any other apps whilst its on. You collect a coin for every 5 minutes you concentrate, and once you get 2,500 coins you can plant a real life tree. It costs £1.99 but it's worth every penny.

28. Use e-tickets - e-tickets are now available when you go on the train, fly, go to shows and events, and they save on such a lot of waste and are so convenient!

29. Drive less - public transport (if it's good where you live) is such a good way to help the environment! Otherwise, walking and biking, and even car sharing are great options!

30. Attend a march / protest.

I hope this post helped even with just a couple of switches you can make in your everyday life! Have you got any other tips and tricks for helping the environment?

All my love,

Em x

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